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    Meteorological Factors on Freezing Injury of Amygdalus communis During Overwintering in Yingjisha of Xinjiang
    Kerimu ABASI, Nuerpatiman MAIMAITIREYIM, MENG Fanxue, CHEN Gang, Patiman ABUDUAINI
    Journal of Agriculture    2022, 12 (2): 31-35.   DOI: 10.11923/j.issn.2095-4050.cjas20191100279
    Abstract + (2025)    HTML (731)    PDF (1186KB) (10058)      

    By using the basic meteorological data of 2001 to 2019 from Yingjisha national meteorological observing station and the phenological observation data and freezing injury data, the freezing rate of flower bud and yield of Amygdalus communis were analyzed. Combined with mathematical statistics, the meteorological factors causing frozen flower bud during overwintering period of Amygdalus communis in Yingjisha were studied. The results showed that the lowest air temperature in winter and its lasting days, the lowest land surface temperature and frozen earth depth caused the freezing of Amygdalus communis buds, but there was no obvious impact of the maximum snow depth of winter and its lasting days and winter precipitation. When the lowest temperature was -23℃ to -18℃, its lasting days and the lowest land surface temperature were the main factors causing frozen flower buds.

    Death causes of Chinese pine (Pimus tabulaeformis) at the Tiananmen Square in spring 2010 and technical measures
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    Journal of Agriculture    2011, 1 (xb1): 44-49.   DOI: 10.11924/j.issn.2095-4050.2011-xb0027
    Abstract + (5816)       PDF (10870KB) (6041)      

    In order to explore some causes why pine needles turned yellow and many Chinese pine trees gradually died at Tiananmen Square in Beijing, China in spring 2010, a field investigation was conducted on the external morphology and the root characteristics of Chinese pine, and meanwhile soil physical and chemical properties and site conditions were also investigated and analyzed. It is found that for most of Chinese pines trees, the pine needles of their whole plants turned yellow, their fine roots withered and shriveled, and mycorhiza were rotten and died. The high salt content was found in surface soils, and the roots absorbed the large amounts of salts and lost the function of absorbing water and nutrients, which led to the emergence of yellow pine needles and the death of the whole plant. Some factors (such as small growth space, high soil density, poor soil ventilation and heat radiation) were not in favour of normal growth of Chinese pine. Moreover, a great amount of snow-melting agent was applied around Chinese pine at the Tiananmen Square after snow in winter 2009, which was a direct cause leading to the death of Chinese pine. In order to protect the achievement in afforestation and visual effects, the corresponding technical measures and suggestions were presented to prevent the hazards of snow-melting agent and to overcome the current status of adverse site conditions.

    Current Research Status and Prospect of Microbial Fertilizer in China
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    Journal of Agriculture    2013, 3 (3): 26-31.   DOI: 10.11924/j.issn.2095-4050.2013-xb0018
    Abstract + (2164)       PDF (944KB) (5300)      
    The history of microbial fertilizer in China was reviewed in this article, and the main classification, efficacy, mechanism of action, application in different crops and the problems in the development of this industry were briefly described. Pointing out the microbial fertilizers can improve the environment and the fertility of soil, control the soil-born diseases, increase crop production and reduce the dosage of chemical fertilizers. And it’s the need of developing the "green agriculture" and "ecological agriculture". At present, it still has many problems like whole level is low, lacking of technological innovation, instable of effect and confusion of market management. Therefore, its needs to strengthen the basic research, improve the process, strengthen the supervision and management, increase the capital investment and collaborative innovation. These can promote the microbial fertilizer developing healthy and rapidly.
    Effect of Waterlogging Degree on Cotton Seedling Growth and Physiological Change
    郑曙峰,王维,刘小玲,吴文革,陈敏 and 阚画春
    Journal of Agriculture    2016, 6 (2): 33-38.   DOI: 10.11923/j.issn.2095-4050.cjas15110014
    Abstract + (4874)       PDF (1394KB) (4339)      
    In order to clarify the adaptability of cotton after waterlogging stres. cotton morphology, production and physiological changes at the seedling stage under different flooding degree were studied by using a pot experiment. The results showed that after flooding, cotton production, the rate of bolls per plant, boll weight, plant height, number of leaves and dry matter accumulation of per plant reduced, while Lint percentage did not change; with the flooding time increasing, various indicators continued reducing. after flooding 20d, leaf SPAD value declined rapidly, cotton lint yield decreased by more than 80%, even total crop failure. Overall, flooding 15d could be considered the critical time of cotton to adapt waterlogging stress during seedling stage , so cotton can resuming growing through cultural technique measure before the critical time.
    Biological Characteristics of Begonia fimbristipulata Hance.
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    Journal of Agriculture    2012, 2 (8): 49-52.   DOI: 10.11924/j.issn.2095-4050.2012-xb0151
    Abstract + (3843)       PDF (1232KB) (4177)      

    To accurately master the biological characteristics of Begoniaceae Begonia fimbristipulata Hance., and to better protect the unique local plant resources, further research and additional revise have been made on this species' six features, such as generic names, botany forms, environmental growing distribution, growing habits, collecting process and medicinal functions, through years of field investigation, domestication, cultivation of Begonia fimbristipulata Hance. in Dinghushan Mountain. The biological data of Begonia fimbristipulata Hance. has been systematically perfected in order to provide scientific evidence for this species' protection and correct use.

    Optimization of Western Blot Condition for Detection of Protein Expression in Rabbit Artery
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    Journal of Agriculture    2011, 1 (4): 52-56.   DOI: 10.11924/j.issn.2095-4050.2011-xb0382
    Abstract + (5714)       PDF (3007KB) (3998)      

    Western blot is the most important method on studying and analyzing protein. Because it contains many steps, high background, unspecific bands, streaking and so on are the common problems in Western blot, which will influence the subsequent detection and quantitation of protein. To establish the best experiment condition for detection of protein expression in rabbit artery, VCAM-1(vascular cell adhension molecule-1) was detected. A rapid, specific and sensitive procedure has been successfully established, through optimizing several conditions which include SDS-PAGE, antibody dilution, temperature and time for antibody incubation, detection methods and so on. Also, three kinds of detection methods were used which contain DAB, enhanced chemilluminescence (ECL) with exposure captured on X-ray film or with cooled charged-coupled device (CCD) cameras. The sensitivity of three methods was compared. The results indicated that ECL has sensitivity 2-10 times that of DAB, and CCD cameras have 4 times sensitivity of X-ray and a more precise procedure. So, ECL-CCD cameras is a promising detection method of Western blot.

    Application of Tea Polyphenols
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    Journal of Agriculture    2011, 1 (2): 44-48.   DOI: 10.11924/j.issn.2095-4050.2011-xb0134
    Abstract + (6220)       PDF (928KB) (3701)      

    Tea polyphenol is one of the characteristic ingredients in tea, which is about 20%-30% of the total quantity of dry matter. Because of tea polyphenol contains multiple active hydroxyl, which makes it has multiple health care functions such as: antioxidation, anti-aging, sterilize, prevent old cardio-cerebral diseases, which had become the hot spot in medicine, food, the development of animal husbandry etc, and had developed hot tea polyphenols tablet, capsule, weight loss products, beauty products, etc. The antioxidant, sterilizing and anti-aging of activity tea polyphenol so strong that could act as antioxidants in cereals, oils and foodstuffs, aquatic products, meat products, the convenient food had good application aspects. And it also could rise to fight bacterium diminish inflammation, reduce weight, step-down, such as effectiveness could in medicine, hairdressing, etc widely applied. At the same time, it also could use in chemical industry, animal husbandry, etc.

    The Progress of Confocal Laser Scanning Microscope
    Journal of Agriculture    2016, 6 (6): 30-35.   DOI: 10.11923/j.issn.2095-4050.cjas16010025
    Abstract + (1261)       PDF (1318KB) (2882)      
    Abstracts: At present, technique of the confocal laser scanning microscope is booming. This new technology aimed to improve the functions of the confocal laser scanning microscope from the following aspects: improve resolution, decrease the phototoxicity, and improve scanning speed, viviperception. Meanwhile, the potential of biology applications was great with the help of these new techniques, so it was necessary to sort out and analyze the principles of these new techniques. This essay mainly analyzed some techniques’ principles and potential in their applications, including Light gate, White laser, GaAsP, Ultrahigh-resolution, Live cell imaging system, Light-sheet ,Multi-photon microscopy, Coherent Anti-stokes Raman Scattering, Laser Capture Microdissection. Besides, the next research area and the shortcomings of the existing technique in scanning speed, compatibility, applicability of samples are also analyzed. This essay can assist researchers to learn more about some new techniques and make them know “what kind of technique they can use to achieve what kind of biology functions”in order that they can form more ideas of experiment research.
    Research Progress of Heavy Metal Contamination in Soil and Remediation Method
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    Journal of Agriculture    2011, 1 (8): 37-43.   DOI: 10.11924/j.issn.2095-4050.2011-xb0487
    Abstract + (3798)       PDF (1010KB) (2859)      

    In this paper, the current situation of heavy metal pollution in soil was discussed in such aspects of major form of heavy metal in soil, assessment index of pollution level, circulation mechanism, mutual effect of ions and remediation methods in order to study the research development of different remediation methods and the future works of heavy metal pollution. The future of research status was prospected in an effort to provide reference for other researchers. Results showed that basic research of heavy metal pollution in soil needed to be further studied, especially the circulation mechanism. Plant and microorganism remediation methods were main parts of heavy metal remediation, together with other remediation methods.

    Wheat Varieties Evaluation in South Huai River Wheat Region in Jiangsu Province
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    Journal of Agriculture    2012, 2 (5): 11-16.   DOI: 10.11924/j.issn.2095-4050.2011-xb0981
    Abstract + (2417)       PDF (1115KB) (2816)      

    In order to understand the adaption of the varieties to the environment of South Huai River Wheat Region in Jiangsu Province, three varieties include Huaimai22, Yannong19 and Zhen9023 from North Huai River Wheat Region and six varieties include Yangmai15, Yangmai16, Yangmai13, Yangmai11, Ningmai13 and Zhengmai166 from South Huai River Wheat Region were evaluated in 2011 in Yangzhou. The results indicated that the most adaptive sow date is Oct 28th for all the varieties and Yangmai11 and Yangmai16 have the better performance among the tested varieties. They have bigger spikes, more seeds, higher kernel weights and higher resistance to major diseases.

    Planning on the Construction of Chang guangxi Wetland Park in Wuxi
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    Journal of Agriculture    2011, 1 (xb1): 50-54.   DOI: 10.11924/j.issn.2095-4050.2011-xb0033
    Abstract + (4173)       PDF (939KB) (2800)      

    Besides the wetland reserves, the wetland park is an important component of wetland conservation system, and it is a management approach that is adopted to protect the natural or artificial wetland which is affected by human beings but still has its conservation value. In order to make healthy and orderly progress of wetland parks in China, some ideas are presented and discussed in this paper using the Chang Guangxi Wetland Park in Wuxi, Jiangsu Province, China as the study field. They are function zoning and general layout of the wetland Park, wetland park landscape construction, publicity and education engineering construction, scientific research monitoring, tourism infrastructure construction, health and safety engineering construction, park’s staging construction, construction management, etc.

    Study on the Functional Activity of Pineapple Polysaccharide in vitro
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    Journal of Agriculture    2012, 2 (3): 50-53.   DOI: 10.11924/j.issn.2095-4050.2011-xb0598
    Abstract + (6634)       PDF (1178KB) (2782)      

    Pineapple polysaccharide was extracted from pineapple peel to discuss the antioxidant function of polysaccharide pineapple in vitro. Hot water extraction was used to extract polysaccharide pineapple. The ability of pineapple polysaccharide to scavenge free radicals was studied by using hydroxyl radicals system, superoxide anion system and polysaccharide reductive ability system. Results showed that, using salicylic acid colorimetry to determine the ability of pineapple polysaccharide to scavenge hydroxyl radicals, when the concentration was 12 mg/mL, the scavenge rate reached 90%. While using pyrogallol autoxidation method to determine the ability of pineapple polysaccharide to scavenge the superoxide anion, when the concentration was 6 mg/mL, the clearance of super oxide anion reaches 80%. The reductive ability of pineapple polysaccharide was enhanced with its concentration was increased, and there was a good concentration-response relationship between the concentration and reductive ability.

    Analysis on the Bioinformatics of Chalcone Synthetase Gene in Petunia hybrida Vilm.
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    Journal of Agriculture    2011, 1 (2): 34-39.   DOI: 10.11924/j.issn.2095-4050.2011-xb0248
    Abstract + (4346)       PDF (954KB) (2745)      

    To study the homology and evolutionary relations among CHS (chalcone synthase) genes, CHS gene in Petunia hybrida, Vilm. was took as explants material, base distribution, amino acids composition, prediction of hydrophobicity or hydrophilicity, and multiple alignments with other 10 species were analyzed by the software and bioinformatics web site. The results showed that the mRNA single sequence contained 1170 bp base, the number of amino acids encoding protein was 389 and its relative molecular mass was 42580.02, Leucine achieved the highest content of 10.80%, hydrophobic maximum value was 2.038, hydrophobic minimum value was -2.208, and no obvious hydrophilic or hydrophobic area. The homology of multiple alignment of the amino acid sequence for CHS genes in 11 species achieved 80.55%. The results showed that the genes were in a stable state, encoded proteins were hydrophilic protein, and the evolutionary process was conservative. The conservative sequence information achieved in these CHS genes laid a foundation for other new CHS gene cloning.

    Hardening Mechanism and the Improvement on the Urban Landscape Greenbelt Soil
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    Journal of Agriculture    2011, 1 (2): 25-29.   DOI: 10.11924/j.issn.2095-4050.2011-xb0125
    Abstract + (7165)       PDF (917KB) (2738)      

    In order to improve the quality of urban landscape greenbelt soil, to keep the urban greenbelt sustainable and healthy, the important characters of urban greenbelts in the nine main districts of Chongqing, such as the bulk density, anthropic-materials,organic matter, available N, P, K and biological quality, were investigated. The results showed that there were five most significant factors resulting in the hardening of the urban soil. The first was the artificial compaction. The total average value of soil bulk density was (1.47±0.05) g/cm3, the highest one was 1.72 g/cm3. The second was a lot of anthropic-materials. The average number was (40.2±4.43)%. The third was low organic content. The average value was (27.2±1.1) g/kg, available N and K content were low, available N content was (39.4±1.1) mg/kg, while available K was (87.3±1.9) mg/kg. The fourth was the unreasonable plant disposition. The last factor was unbalance in the population of soil microbes. The average number of bacteria, fungi and actinomycete respectively were (29.71±7.8)×105 cfu/g, (9.98±1.55)×103 cfu/g and (7.6±1.64)×105 cfu/g. Based on the principles of landscape ecology and symbiosis science, the integrative techniques were put forward for improving hardened and impervious urban landscape soil. The integrative improved techniques will benefit to the sustainable development of the urban greenbelts.

    Corn Slow-release Fertilizer Technology Test One-time Stratification
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    Journal of Agriculture    2011, 1 (4): 6-9.   DOI: 10.11924/j.issn.2095-4050.2011-xb0289
    Abstract + (2423)       PDF (901KB) (2694)      

    In order to improve the fertilizer utilization ratio, to improve and enhance QuanFei one-time fertilization techniques, the corn application SRFS technical support in layered fertilization, one-time base fertilizer, according to the whole growth period of corn, not the growth, development and yield and influence factors of yield components. The results showed that: the use of sulfur slow-releasing function and coating urea fertilizer, using disposable layered base to meet the whole growth period of corn, plant nutrients needed than conventional staging decent, fertilizer production 12.1%. This method broke the traditional pattern of conventional staging fertilization, reduced the surface application caused by volatile loss, improved the Fertilizer utilization ratio reached more than 70 percent, increased production, reduced the production processes to achieve cost saving time save work, which could increase the purpose of pure economic benefit about 1600 yuan/hm2.

    Research Progress and Rice-Straw Returning
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    Journal of Agriculture    2012, 2 (5): 1-4.   DOI: 10.11924/j.issn.2095-4050.2011-xb0889
    Abstract + (2182)       PDF (926KB) (2687)      

    In the current promotion of high-yield, efficient and ecological context of agriculture, rice-straw returning as an effective measure has been vigorously promoted. So from the basic concept of rice-straw returning, comprehensively elaborate domestic and foreign research progress of rice-straw returning, and focus on the study the effects of the rice-straw returning on soil organic matter, soil bulk density and capillary porosity, soil temperature, microorganisms in soil, decomposition characteristics of rice, rice quality and weeds. Pointed out the straw in the physiological and ecological effects of the broader applications,and made of straw and the future direction of research priorities. So as to protect agricultural ecological environment and promote the sustainable development of modern agriculture provides theoretical basis.

    Research on the Rural Human Resources Development Based on the Platform of Imbark Park of Taiwan Farmers
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    Journal of Agriculture    2012, 2 (11): 68-71.   DOI: 10.11924/j.issn.2095-4050.2012-xb0281
    Abstract + (9384)       PDF (1091KB) (2612)      

    Development of imbark park of Taiwan farmers provides rural human resources development with a new platform. Imbark park of Taiwan farmers in Fujian seizes opportunities, makes use of advantages, follows the main line of the transformation of scientific and technological achievements, has become the new position of accelerating agriculture extension, new platform of stimulating peasant employment, new way for rural women to achieve self-development, new way to raise farmer organizational level, and new source of developing rural economy. At the same time, continuous improvement of imbark park will be faced with constraints from aspects of policies, systems, markets and so on, which needs government to increase supports, to strengthen training work propaganda, to advance the combined training mode, and to develop new industries to solve problems encountered.

    The Study Result of the Solar Energy Application on Bulk Curing Barn
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    Journal of Agriculture    2011, 1 (5): 40-43.   DOI: 10.11924/j.issn.2095-4050.2011-xb0375
    Abstract + (1662)       PDF (1000KB) (2587)      

    In order to achieve energy conservation and emission reduction, a combination of energy from solar and coal has been built up based on a bulk curing barn by installing a solar heat system on the top of a bulk curing barn roof which are comprised of a heat room with valve controlled by a fan, lighting and heating transformation sheet and automatic temperature monitor. This study was focused on how much effect of the solar heating system could be as a supplemental energy to curing process, It has been turned out that not only a significant energy reduction has been achieved, but this modification bulk curing barn were easily constructed and economical, the solar energy could supply all heating from the early stage of tobacco curing process. The modified solar curing barn could save 20%-24% coal consumption per kg drying leaf as the one from a bulk curing barn at achieving the equivalent leaf quality. It has shown an encouraging prospective of benefit for economy and society especially on emission reduction and worthwhile for those area with abundant solar resource to extend this technology.

    Effect and Problems of Pushing the Construction of New Countryside Forward by Distance Training
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    Journal of Agriculture    2011, 1 (3): 51-56.   DOI: 10.11924/j.issn.2095-4050.2011-xb0299
    Abstract + (2629)       PDF (1058KB) (2535)      

    Abstract: The farmers are the ultimate application persons who change the agricultural science and technology into productivity. The distance training on rural practical technology can increase the efficiency of farmers’ applying the agricultural science and technology. After the Survey of the present situation and effect of distance training on rural practical technology in the south of Fujian Province, the authors narrated the remarkable success of bringing about a great advance in the industry of characteristic agriculture, the industry of no pollution vegetables, the industry of methane technology, and the remarkable success of promoting the construction of new countryside, promoting the transfer of rural labor, promoting the farmers to increase their incomes and become rich by distance training. And the urgent problems which existed in distance training were analyzed. The countermeasures and suggestions of counteracting the distance training’s weaknesses in many ways, conducting distance training of regional characteristic agriculture, conducting distance training according to the farmers’ different educational level and different technology needs, broadening farmers’ outlook, changing farmers’ ideas were put forward.

    The Overview of Eco-agriculture with High Efficiency
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    Journal of Agriculture    2011, 1 (7): 23-33.   DOI: 10.11924/j.issn.2095-4050.2011-xb0439
    Abstract + (2946)       PDF (1084KB) (2528)      

    From the purpose, content, characteristics, principles, patterns and technology of eco-agriculture with high efficiency, the theory and practice of eco-agriculture with high efficiency had been analyzed generally and systematically. The results showed that: (1) the concept of eco-agriculture with high efficiency was purposed in 1991 in China; (2) Eco-agriculture with high efficiency emphasized on the ‘high efficiency’, ‘ecological’ and ‘combine’; (3) Eco-agriculture with high efficiency had a lot of characteristics with more organisms, good environment, good structure, strong function, good quality, high efficiency, low-carbon emissions, and sustainable development; (4) The principle of the eco-agriculture with high efficiency with the increasing of output and efficiency lay with full use of land, three-dimensional use of sunlight energy, excess use of seasons, multi-layer use of moisture, high efficient use of fertilizer, symbiosis and complementation among organisms, ecological disaster-reduction, and recycling use of agricultural resource; (5) The typical modes of eco-agriculture with high efficiency were these: the three-dimensional use of agricultural resource, the type of biological symbiosis among organisms, the conjunction type of conglomerate, the type of the industrial extension, the technology-driven type, the type of the environmental improvement, the resource recycling type, and the type of the leisure travel; (6) The key technologies of eco-agriculture with high efficiency were these: the resources saving technology, the irrigation and fertilization regulating technology, the biological soil improving technology, the disaster prevention and reduction technology, the resource comprehensive utilization technology, the soil and water conservation technology, structural adjustment technology, the new energy development technology, the valley harnessing technology, and the current modern new high technology.